What is insomnia?
Insomnia is the inability to get restorative sleep. It is the most common sleep problem in the United States, significantly affecting about 30% of people episodically and about 10% of people on a chronic basis. Some people with insomnia have a sleep disorder called Primary Insomnia. For others insomnia is a symptom of another medical or psychiatric problem and referred to as Secondary Insomnia.
Insomnia is characterized by the following patterns:
- Early or Sleep-Onset Insomnia – delays in falling asleep
- Middle or Sleep-Maintenance Insomnia - restless sleep or awakenings
- Late or Terminal Insomnia – waking up earlier than intended
All types of insomnia result in:
- Wasted time in bed
- Daytime fatigue
- Disturbed mood
- Decreased mental and physical performance
- Frustration surrounding sleep
Unfortunately, many people with insomnia do not seek specialized treatment because they believe that nothing can be done.
See Links and Suggested Readings for more information about Insomnia.